So a garment labeled “cashmir” is probably not pure or 100% cashmere goats. Likewise, it cannot be assumed that the “merina wool” is 100% merino wool from a merina sheep bred specifically for its wool. Cashmere does not come from a sheep as you may think, but from the cashmere goat. These goats are found throughout the Himalayas, where the temperature can drop to -30 ° C and their frozen habitat makes them grow incredibly thick and warm fur. Cashmere goats have two layers of hair: thick, fibrous hair and an inner layer of super soft cashmere. While a sheep can produce at least 3 pounds of wool every year, a cashmere goat only gives it about 200 grams.
Most goat breeds, except Angora, can produce cashmere to varying degrees, including dairy goats. Since they are no other breed, there is no “pure breed” cashmere goat. This video of a large cashmere brand offers an exciting take on industry and the cashmere production process, from grazing to clothing.
Low-grade cashmere is cheap, but high-quality cashmere wool can become incredibly expensive. The higher the figure, the thinner virgin wool vs cashmere the fibers when it comes to cashmere wool. The production of cashmere tissue is divided into different processes.
China has become the largest producer of raw cashmere, estimated at 19,200 tons per year. Mongolia will continue at 8,900 tons from 2016, while Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and other Central Asian republics will produce smaller quantities. Pure cashmere, from the removal of animal fat, dirt and thick hair from the fleece, is estimated to be about 6,500 tons . The 100% super fine merino is synonymous with quality and innovation. Every year, the purchasing office of Zegna Baruffa Lane Borgesesia SpA buys the best possible merino from the main producers. Fiber quality tests are performed to ensure that the quality meets the high standards required by Zegna Baruffa Lane Borgesesia SpA. The fiber is then shipped to the factory in Italy to become a yarn.
Polonceau crossed the cashmere with Angora goats to improve the fall to rotate and knit. This herd of Cashmere-Angora was seen by William Riley from New South Wales in 1828 and again in 1831 when Riley bought thirteen goats for his transfer to Australia. At that time, the average production of the Polonceau herd was 16 grams lower. The Ternaux herd in St. Ouen was still 150 when the famous industrialist died in 1833. China has become the largest producer of raw cashmere and the clip is estimated at 10,000 tons per year .